Model Serializer

Automatically translate Odoo models into Datamodels for (de)serialization

  • Odoo Version

Model Serializer

Alpha License: LGPL-3 OCA/rest-framework Translate me on Weblate Try me on Runbot

This module takes advantage of the concepts introduced in the datamodel module to offer mechanisms similar to (a subset of) the ModelSerializer in Django REST Framework. That is, use the definition of the Odoo model to partially automate the definition of a corresponding Datamodel class.

Important

This is an alpha version, the data model and design can change at any time without warning. Only for development or testing purpose, do not use in production. More details on development status

Table of contents

Usage

ModelSerializer class

The ModelSerializer class inherits from the Datamodel class and adds functionalities. Therefore any class inheriting from ModelSerializer can be used the exact same way as any other Datamodel.

Basic usage

Here is a basic example:

from odoo.addons.model_serializer.core import ModelSerializer

class PartnerInfo(ModelSerializer):
    _name = "partner.info"
    _model = "res.partner"
    _model_fields = ["id", "name", "country_id"]

The result is equivalent to the following Datamodel classes:

from marshmallow import fields

from odoo.addons.datamodel.core import Datamodel
from odoo.addons.datamodel.fields import NestedModel


class PartnerInfo(Datamodel):
    _name = "partner.info"

    id = fields.Integer(required=True, allow_none=False, dump_only=True)
    name = fields.String(required=True, allow_none=False)
    country = NestedModel("_auto_nested_serializer.res.country")


class _AutoNestedSerializerResCountry(Datamodel):
    _name = "_auto_nested_serializer.res.country"

    id = fields.Integer(required=True, allow_none=False, dump_only=True)
    display_name = fields.String(dump_only=True)

Overriding fields definition

It is possible to override the default definition of fields as such:

from odoo.addons.model_serializer.core import ModelSerializer

class PartnerInfo(ModelSerializer):
    _name = "partner.info"
    _model = "res.partner"
    _model_fields = ["id", "name", "country_id"]

    country_id = NestedModel("country.info")

class CountryInfo(ModelSerializer):
    _name = "country.info"
    _model = "res.country"
    _model_fields = ["code", "name"]

In this example, we override a NestedModel but it works the same for any other field type.

(De)serialization

ModelSerializer does all the heavy-lifting of transforming a Datamodel instance into the corresponding recordset, and vice-versa.

To transform a recordset into a (list of) ModelSerializer instance(s) (serialization), do the following:

partner_info = self.env.datamodels["partner.info"].from_recordset(partner)

This will return a single instance; if your recordset contains more than one record, you can get a list of instances by passing many=True to this method.

To transform a ModelSerializer instance into a recordset (de-serialization), do the following:

partner = partner_info.to_recordset()

Unless an existing partner can be found (see below), this method creates a new record in the database. You can avoid that by passing create=False, in which case the system will only create them in memory (NewId recordset).

In order to determine if the corresponding Odoo record already exists or if a new one should be created, the system checks by default if the id field of the instance corresponds to a database record. This default behavior can be modified like so:

class CountryInfo(ModelSerializer):
    _name = "country.info"
    _model = "res.country"
    _model_fields = ["code", "name"]

    def get_odoo_record(self):
        if self.code:
            return self.env[self._model].search([("code", "=", self.code)])
        return super().get_odoo_record()

Changelog

13.0.1.0.0

First official version.

Bug Tracker

Bugs are tracked on GitHub Issues. In case of trouble, please check there if your issue has already been reported. If you spotted it first, help us smashing it by providing a detailed and welcomed feedback.

Do not contact contributors directly about support or help with technical issues.

Credits

Authors

  • Wakari

Contributors

Maintainers

This module is maintained by the OCA.

Odoo Community Association

OCA, or the Odoo Community Association, is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to support the collaborative development of Odoo features and promote its widespread use.

This module is part of the OCA/rest-framework project on GitHub.

You are welcome to contribute. To learn how please visit https://odoo-community.org/page/Contribute.

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